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FFmpeg is a free software project consisting of a vast software suite of libraries and programs for handling video, audio, and other multimedia files and streams. At its core is the FFmpeg program itself, designed for command-line-based processing of video and audio files, and widely used for format transcoding, basic editing (trimming and concatenation), video scaling, video post-production effects, and standards compliance (SMPTE, ITU). FFmpeg includes libavcodec, an audio/video codec library used by many commercial and free software products, libavformat (Lavf), an audio/video container mux and demux library, and the core ffmpeg command line program for transcoding multimedia files. FFmpeg is published under the GNU Lesser General Public License 2.1+ or GNU General Public License 2+ (depending on which options are enabled).

Wikipedia - FFmpeg


Ubuntu 14:

apt-get install libav-tools 

Ubuntu 15 and newer:

apt-get install ffmpeg

If you need the codecs for “MP3, AAC, AMR, MPEG-4 and H.264 (MPEG-4 AVC)”, install them via

apt-get install libavcodec-extra 


Ubuntu 14 uses “avconv”, 15+ uses “ffmpeg”, the parameters are mostly the same.

This is an example code to convert all images in the current folder to an .avi video with 5 frames per second

ffmpeg -f image2 -r 5 -pattern_type glob -i '*.jpg' 5fps.avi

If you consider using this to autogenerate videos via script, you might want to use the following code to mute the output

ffmpeg -f image2 -r 5 -pattern_type glob -i "$PATHJPG/*.jpg" $PATHAVI/movie.avi 2> /dev/null

Full example with output:

> ffmpeg -f image2 -r 5 -pattern_type glob -i '*.jpg' 5fps.avi
ffmpeg version 3.2.12-1~deb9u1+rpt1 Copyright (c) 2000-2018 the FFmpeg developers
  built with gcc 6.3.0 (Raspbian 6.3.0-18+rpi1+deb9u1) 20170516
  configuration: --prefix=/usr --extra-version='1~deb9u1+rpt1' --toolchain=hardened --libdir=/usr/lib/arm-linux-gnueabihf --incdir=/usr/include/arm-linux-gnueabihf --enable-gpl --disable-stripping --enable-avresample --enable-avisynth --enable-gnutls --enable-ladspa --enable-libass --enable-libbluray --enable-libbs2b --enable-libcaca --enable-libcdio --enable-libebur128 --enable-libflite --enable-libfontconfig --enable-libfreetype --enable-libfribidi --enable-libgme --enable-libgsm --enable-libmp3lame --enable-libopenjpeg --enable-libopenmpt --enable-libopus --enable-libpulse --enable-librubberband --enable-libshine --enable-libsnappy --enable-libsoxr --enable-libspeex --enable-libssh --enable-libtheora --enable-libtwolame --enable-libvorbis --enable-libvpx --enable-libwavpack --enable-libwebp --enable-libx265 --enable-libxvid --enable-libzmq --enable-libzvbi --enable-omx --enable-omx-rpi --enable-mmal --enable-openal --enable-opengl --enable-sdl2 --enable-libdc1394 --enable-libiec61883 --arch=armhf --enable-chromaprint --enable-frei0r --enable-libopencv --enable-libx264 --enable-shared
  libavutil      55. 34.101 / 55. 34.101
  libavcodec     57. 64.101 / 57. 64.101
  libavformat    57. 56.101 / 57. 56.101
  libavdevice    57.  1.100 / 57.  1.100
  libavfilter     6. 65.100 /  6. 65.100
  libavresample   3.  1.  0 /  3.  1.  0
  libswscale      4.  2.100 /  4.  2.100
  libswresample   2.  3.100 /  2.  3.100
  libpostproc    54.  1.100 / 54.  1.100
Input #0, image2, from '*.jpg':
  Duration: 00:00:53.40, start: 0.000000, bitrate: N/A
    Stream #0:0: Video: mjpeg, yuvj420p(pc, bt470bg/unknown/unknown), 1280x720 [SAR 1:1 DAR 16:9], 5 fps, 5 tbr, 5 tbn, 5 tbc
[swscaler @ 0x181a2a0] deprecated pixel format used, make sure you did set range correctly
Output #0, avi, to '5fps.avi':
    ISFT            : Lavf57.56.101
    Stream #0:0: Video: mpeg4 (FMP4 / 0x34504D46), yuv420p, 1280x720 [SAR 1:1 DAR 16:9], q=2-31, 200 kb/s, 5 fps, 5 tbn, 5 tbc
      encoder         : Lavc57.64.101 mpeg4
    Side data:
      cpb: bitrate max/min/avg: 0/0/200000 buffer size: 0 vbv_delay: -1
Stream mapping:
  Stream #0:0 -> #0:0 (mjpeg (native) -> mpeg4 (native))
Press [q] to stop, [?] for help
frame=  267 fps=1.9 q=31.0 Lsize=    1696kB time=00:00:53.40 bitrate= 260.2kbits/s speed=0.387x
video:1684kB audio:0kB subtitle:0kB other streams:0kB global headers:0kB muxing overhead: 0.713759%
linux/general/ffmpeg.txt · Last modified: 2019/03/04 11:47 by lunetikk